This policy brief suggests that stabilisation efforts in Somalia should be viewed through an alternative lens beyond the prevailing focus on military operations. While the relevance and role of military operations must be acknowledged, these relative successes should be accompanied by non-military approaches to achieve short-term stability and lay the foundation for long-term peacebuilding. The policy brief identifies five factors that are vital to attaining sustainable peace.
- The African Union (AU) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, in coordination with the international community, must support a national dialogue to help facilitate an emerging inclusive political system.
- Development institutions such as the United Nations Development Programme, World Bank and the African Development Bank should work with the African Union Mission to Somalia and the Somalia National Army to rebuild Somalia’s basic infrastructure.
- The current policing model should be recalibrated to embrace community leadership on policing.
- The AU, United Nations and bilateral partners must develop, adopt and adhere to a ‘partnership pact’ to coordinate support provided to the Federal Government of Somalia.
- Young people and women must be active agents of peace and have at least 30% representation in government institutions.
About the author
Dr Jide Martyns Okeke previously worked as a non-resident senior research fellow at the Norwegian Institute for International Affairs, and a consultant for the Institute for Security Studies. Before that, he led policy development on peace support operations at the African Union Commission. He holds an MPA from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government and a PhD in Development Politics and International Studies from the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom.
About TfP Policy Briefs
TfP Policy Briefs provide concise analysis to inform current debates and decision making. Key findings or recommendations are presented on the cover page, and infographics allow busyreaders to quickly grasp
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This policy brief is funded by the Government of Norway through its Training for Peace Programme.