Roundtable on implications of regional coalitions on the APSA
Over the past several years, the rise of ad-hoc security initiatives in response to terrorist and other transnational threats have emerged on the continent. These include the AU-authorised Regional Coordination Initiative against the Lord’s Resistance Army, RCI-LRA, (2011 – ongoing), the Multinational Joint Task Force against Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin, MNJTF, (2015 – ongoing), as well as recently authorized G5 Sahel Joint Force. The AU Peace Support Operations Division (PSOD) considered it important to engage experts in a discussion on how these ad-hoc coalitions align or deviate from continental peace and security frameworks, including Peace Support Operations (PSOs).
PSOD invited experts to a roundtable to determine the implications of the deployment of security initiatives by ad-hoc coalitions of states for the APSA, the ASF and the future of AU PSOs. This one-day roundtable further provided an overview of the political and strategic implications; the legal, military and political defining characteristics; the growing prominence of ad-hoc coalitions of states and their implications for the AU and on its collective security architecture was outlined. An overview of the three AU authorised coalitions of states, namely the RCI-LRA, the MNJTF and the G5-Sahel was provided. The relevance of the AU as an actor in the growing prominence of these coalitions of states provided further insight in the day’s discussions. The meeting provided an opportunity to further discuss ISS’ engagements on AU doctrinal developments into which the round table discussions will feed.
NUPI’s Cedric de Coning presented on ‘Doctrinal and Operational Implications of ad-hoc coalitions: Alignment with the African Standby Force, and AU PSO Doctrine’.