The African Union functions in an international global governance system that includes the United Nations and regional organizations such as the European Union or the League of Arab States, but also the Regional Economic Communities. At the same time, the AU has several bilateral partnership arrangements, for example with China, Japan, the Nordic group and...

From January 2018- February 2018, Natasja Rupesinghe conducted field research in Mali. The research examines violent extremist mobilisation in central Mali and will analyse the Joint Force of the G5 Sahel (Force Conjointe du G5 Sahel) as a response to combat terrorism and organized crime in the tri-border area straddling Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger....

In an article published in International Affairs Cedric de Coning, introduces a new approach - Adaptive Peacebuilding - that may help inform the implementation of the emerging UN concept of sustaining peace. It is an alternative to the determined-design neo-liberal approach that dominated peacebuilding over the past three decades. It represents an approach where peacebuilders,...

By providing an analysis of the historic dynamics of the Lake Chad Basin region and the common challenges that Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria face, this brief deconstructs common narratives around ‘violent extremism’ held by the policy community; it pro vides a more nuanced explanation to the drivers of the Boko Haram insurgency; and it...

In his new book The UN at War, John Karlsrud analyses the evolving politics on UN peace operations of the five veto powers of the UN Security Council, as well as major troop-contributing countries and western powers. He investigates the move towards peace enforcement and counter-terrorism, and what consequences this development may have for the UN. He also looks...

NUPI research fellow Ingvild Magnæs Gjelsvik participated in a workshop organized by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in Nairobi in November training participants from Somalia’s Defector Rehabilitation Programme (DRP). The DRP operates under five pillars – outreach, reception of defectors, screening, rehabilitation and reintegration of al-Shabaab fighters. Topics covered in the workshop included...

The vision of the African Union (AU) is to achieve “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena”. The attainment of that vision hinges on three foundational imperatives: democratic governance, peace and security, and sustainable development. The focus of this report is on...