Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Training for Peace in Africa Programme (TfP)?

The Training for Peace in Africa Programme is an international capacity-building programme. Since 1995, the programme has worked, through civil society institutions, to strengthen African civilian and police capacity for peace operations. The programme is based on a unique North-South-South cooperation where activities are carried out mainly by African partner institutions. Current TfP partners are the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) and the Institution for Security Studies (ISS) in South Africa, and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI).

In May 2016, the TfP programme entered into a new phase, set to run until May 2019. The new phase is guided by key African Union’s strategic policy frameworks, in particular Agenda 2063 and the 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration’s call to silence the guns and end all wars in Africa by 2020. TfP’s strategic policy framework and implementation rests on three pillars: 1) Peace and Security; 2) Democracy and governance; and 3) Sustainable development and job creation

Nicholas Kay
Nicholas Kay, the new Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia, arrived in Mogadishu to assume his duties as head of the new UN political mission, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which starts its operations today (UN Photo/Stuart Price)

What are the objectives of the TfP Programme?

The TfP focuses on training, rostering, policy facilitation and applied research. The programme has placed at the heart of its objectives to actively contribute to placing the civilian and multi-dimensional aspect of peacekeeping on the agenda, including issues related to the protection of civilians and women, peace and security. The overall goal of the programme for its new phase is to contribute to enhanced capacity of the African Union (AU) and its collaborative partners, as appropriate, to prevent, manage and resolve conflicts and promote stability in Africa.

Through its objectives, the TfP programme seeks to achieve the following key outcomes in partnership with the AU: Strengthened applied understanding of the evolving security environment in Africa; and Strengthened capacity to develop strategies and responses to security challenges in Africa.

How long has the TfP Programme been operational?

The TfP Programme has been operational since its inception in 1995.

Kutum
South African officers of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) are picture on patrol in Kutum, Sudan (UN Photo/Albert González Farran)

What are the achievements of the TfP Programme since its inception?

Peacekeeping is an essential tool in the management of international peace and security. The TfP programme has managed to equip peacekeeping personnel situated in peace support operations with adequate training that contributes to their skills and competency. In 2011, ACCORD provided training courses such as the Civil Affairs Skills Training Course, as well as a Training-of-Trainers, which focused on raising the capacity and professionalism of UN Civil Affairs Officers. Further, the TfP programme has also played an active part in creating forums where policy-makers, practitioners and researchers from both the UN and AU can interact and inform each other of their reasoning and motivations. This has proven to be essential as it has contributed to the development of appropriate guidance and policy frameworks that have fostered the successful implementation of peacekeeping mandates. Since 1995, TfP programme has trained thousands of people (police officers, civilian specialists and military), conducted several researches and developed policies with its partners.

African Union
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (top, fifth from left) addressed the African Union Summit taking place on the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Organization of African Unity (UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe)

How is the TfP Programme funded?

The TfP Programme is funded and coordinated by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

For more about TfP, please see Conflict Trends Issue 2, 2015.